Celebrated on April 13 every year, Baishakhi is an auspicious Sikh festival. This festival acknowledges the formation of Khalsa panth of warriors under Guru Gobind Singh ji in 1699.This historical and religious festival is also known as spring harvest festival for the Sikhs.
The importance of Baishakhi also marks the birth of Sikh order started after the aggravation and execution of Guru Teg Bahadur for rejecting to switch from Sikhism to Islam under the orders of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. After the death of Guru Teg Bahadur ji, his son and successor Guru Gobind Singh ji chose Baisakhi as the occasion to transform the Sikhs into a family of soldier saints, known as the Khalsa Panth.Khalsa Panth is founded in front of thousands of people at Anandpur Sahib.
The five men baptized into the Khalsa by the Guru Gobind Singh Ji became known as the Panj Piare,or “Beloved Five”.
Another history related to the festival tells that Baisakhi is one of the three Hindu festivals (the others being Maha Shivaratri and Diwali) chosen by the third Guru of the Sikhism, Guru Amar Das ji, to be celebrated by Sikhs. This festival which is also known as the harvest festival in Punjab, India; is celebrated with a great pomp and show.In the villages of Punjab and Haryana, the day marked the use of vibrant color dresses.One can also observe the traditional folk dances like Gidda and Bhangra in the villages.
Major and most prominent celebrations of Baisakhi are organized at Golden Temple, Amritsar.
The festival coincides with other festivals celebrated on the first day of Vaisakh, in some regions of the Indian Subcontinent such as Pohela Boishakh, the Bengali New Year or Bohag Bihu of Assam or Puthandu, the Tamil New Year.
We wish everyone a prosperous and splendid Baisakhi.